Taiwan Solanaceae Genome project（TW-SOL）
~The International Solanaceae Genome Project（SOL）~
Functional Genome studies of Tropical Tomato.
The Solanaceae is the third most important plant taxon economically and the most valuable in terms of vegetable crops. It encompasses the most variable of crop species in terms of their agricultural utility. It includes the tuber-bearing potato (a food staple over much of the world), a number of fruit-bearing vegetables (e.g. tomato, eggplant, pepper, husk tomato), ornamental flowers (petunias, Nicotiana), edible leaves (Solanum aethiopicum. S,.macrocarpon), and medicinal plants (e.g. Datura, Capsicum). Seeds can also be included in this list if we include the closely allied species coffee. Fruit and tubers are major contributors of vitamins, fiber, carbohydrates, and phyto-nutrient compounds in our diet. Therefore, in December 2003, researchers from different countries set up ‘The International Solanaceae Genome Project (SOL) “to systematically study the diversity and adaptation of Solanaceae. The understanding of Solanaceae may increase the sustainable utilization of resources and environments. Tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum) is one of the most important fruit and vegetable. Tomato contains lots of vitamin A, C, and lycopene, and is popular to all people in the world. Tomato grows well in temperate region that is warm and dry with a large temperature difference between day and night. However, it is hot and humid in the summer of Taiwan, and temperature difference between day and night is small. AVRDC (Asia Vegetable Research and Development Center) has studied tomato for more than 30 years, and accumulated lots of experiences and research results. Therefore, the “Analysis and Application of Functional Genomics Relating to Heat Tolerance in Tomato (TW-SOL)” project was initiated to study the heat-tolerance tomato in Taiwan. TW-SOL has also become a formal member of SOL in February 2003. Therefore, we can not only demonstrate our research efforts in agriculture to other countries, but also, by sharing research results, increase the understanding and utilization of Solanaceae in Taiwan.
Status of SOL research from around the world：Argentina、Brazil、Canada、China、Colombia、European Union（EU）、France、Germany、Israel、Italy、Japan、Korea、Peru、Spain、Taiwan、The Netherlands、Turkey、United Kingdom、United States.